CELSI Research Fellows Bohle and Greskovits publish a book on capitalist diversity in CEE
Published on Nov. 27, 2012 in Books and edited volumes
Capitalist Diversity on Europe’s Periphery, Cornell University Press.
CELSI Research Fellows Dorothee Bohle and Béla Greskovits have recently published a book „Capitalist Diversity on Europe’s Periphery“ with Cornell University Press. The book elucidates the trajectories that Central Eastern European societies followed after the collapse of the socialist system.
„Capitalism in these countries, they found, was not a single set of political-economic relations. Rather, they each had to decide what sort of capitalist nation to become. In Capitalist Diversity on Europe’s Periphery, Dorothee Bohle and Béla Geskovits trace the form that capitalism took in each country, the assets and liabilities left behind by socialism, the transformational strategies embraced by political and technocratic elites, and the influence of transnational actors and institutions. They also evaluate the impact of three regional shocks: the recession of the early 1990s, the financial crisis of 1997, and the ongoing great recession.
Bohle and Greskovits show that the postsocialist states have established three basic variants of capitalist political economy: neoliberal, embedded neoliberal, and neocorporatist. The Baltic states followed a neoliberal prescription: low controls on capital, open markets, reduced provisions for social welfare. The larger states of central and eastern Europe (Poland, Hungary, and the Czech and Slovak republics) have used foreign investment to stimulate export industries but retained social welfare regimes and substantial government power to enforce industrial policy. Slovenia has proved to be an outlier, successfully mixing competitive industries and neocorporatist social inclusion. Bohle and Greskovits also describe the political contention over such arrangements in Romania, Bulgaria, and Croatia. A highly original and theoretically sophisticated typology of capitalism in postsocialist Europe, this book is unique in the breadth and depth of its conceptually coherent and empirically rich comparative analysis.“