A new study on lessons from European mobility authored by Martin Kahanec now published by the World Bank
Published on Feb. 27, 2013 in Research and policy reports
Skilled labor flows : lessons from the European Union. Social Protection and labor discussion paper ; no. SP 1301. Washington D.C. : The Worldbank.
The study evaluates European Union (EU) experience of the mobility of skilled labor migrants after the 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements and from the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) countries. Kahanec concludes that migration generally improves the allocative efficiency of labor markets and there is little if any evidence of statistically significant or economically relevant negative aggregate effects of migration on receiving labor markets. While outflow of young and skilled workers may pose risks to sending countries’ economic prospects and public finance, circular migration, brain gain, and remittances attenuate such risks, and have the potential to become powerful engines of convergence. Obstructive legislation and ill-designed migration policies impede migration and deprive sending and receiving countries of such potential benefits.