Forthcoming article on unemployment benefits and immigration by Martin Kahanec
Published on Feb. 6, 2012 in Journal articles
Unemployment Benefits and Immigration: Evidence from the EU, forthcoming in International Journal of Manpower, accepted 2011 (also CEPR DP 8672; IZA DP 6075; 2011)
The paper studies the impact of unemployment benefits on immigration. A sample of 19 European countries observed over the period 1993–2008 is used to test the hypothesis that unemployment benefit spending (UBS) is correlated with immigration flows from EU and nonEU origins. While OLS estimates reveal the existence of a moderate correlation for non-EU immigrants only, IV and GMM techniques used to address endogeneity issues yield, respectively, a much smaller and an essentially zero causal impact of UBS on immigration. All estimates for immigrants from EU origins indicate that flows within the EU are not related to unemployment benefit generosity. This suggests that the so-called “welfare migration” debate is misguided and not based on empirical evidence.
Read the article Unemployment Benefits and Immigration: Evidence from the EU (IZA DP 6075)